In the United States, courts are given authority by geographic location and case type.
In legal terms, jurisdiction is the limit of a court’s authority to hear and decide on a variety of lawsuits and other legal actions, including appeals and writs of mandamus. Jurisdiction is a legal term that refers to a court’s ability to trial and adjudicate solely in situations that it has some connection to or that fall within the territorial or financial boundaries of its jurisdictional authority.
As long as the Constitution and/or legislation that governs a certain country grants it jurisdiction over a given topic, any court can rule on that matter. It is a question of jurisdiction if a certain court has the authority to rule on a matter of jurisdiction.« Back to Glossary Index